What Are the Possible Side Effects of Metformin?

what are the possible side effects of Metformin

If you have type 2 diabetes, chances are, your physician will prescribe Metformin. This commonly-used drug helps to lower blood glucose levels, while also decreasing the amount of sugar produced in the liver. In addition, Metformin works to repair the body’s insulin response. Overall, Metformin helps type 2 diabetes sufferers to manage their blood sugar levels more effectively. As a result, diabetes complications become less likely. But, what are the possible side effects of Metformin?

What You Need to Know About Metformin Side Effects

If you’re asking what are the possible side effects of Metformin, read on. First of all, read the patient leaflet carefully and raise possible questions with your physician.

Like with most drugs, the seriousness and severity of side effects vary from patient to patient. When it comes to Metformin, the following mild side effects are rather common, especially when first taking this drug:

  • Stomach pains and diarrhea or constipation
  • Heartburn and excess gas
  • Bloating
  • Weight reduction
  • Headaches
  • Metallic taste in the mouth

If you experience any of the above to a severe degree, contact your physician immediately.

Serious Side Effects of Metformin

The most serious side effect of Metformin – and one that requires immediate medical attention – is lactic acidosis. Here, the kidneys are unable to remove acid. This is because some people taking Metformin experience a build-up of this drug in their kidneys. If you suffer from any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor immediately:

  • Extreme tiredness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Slower or faster heart rate
  • Muscular pain
  • Unusual reddening of the skin
  • Stomach pain along with one or more of the above symptoms

Anemia and hypoglycemia are two more serious side effects of Metformin, though they are rarer.

Discuss Pre-Existing Medical Condition with Your Physician

So, know that you know the answer to the question what are the possible side effects of Metformin, it is crucial to discuss your medical history with your doctor. This is because conditions including kidney and heart disease, as well as liver problems, among others, can make Metformin unsuitable for you.